# Syllabus for Daily Batches (1 Month Course) on Complete Training on CFD Analysis using Ansys Fluent, CFX, ICEMCFD-Hexamesh and Tetra Mesh (online & offline)

Following are the details about complete online & offline training course on CFD using Ansys Fluent, CFX, ICEMCFD-Hexamesh and Tetra Mesh. It comprise of total eight (08) sections in order of: 1) Fluid Dynamics ; 2) Heat Transfer ; 3) Gas Dynamics ; 4) Aerodynamics ; 5) Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Strategies ; 6) Computational Fluid Dynamics Theory ; 7) Ansys ICEMCFD Software (Hexa and Tetra Mesh) ; 8) Ansys Fluent and CFX Software.

These sections makes the training on CFD comlpete. Please scroll down to see details about each section.

• ## • Objective

• In this segment basics of fluid mechanics will be covered which lead the students to physically interpret the results and physical significance of the results

• ## • Key Learning:

• Understanding of fluid mechanics is the one of the founding stone of CFD. Understanding of equations and its physical significance.

• ## • Application:

• The understanding of this will lead the individual to understand and apply the fundamental laws of conservation of mass and momentum for any system / problem.

• ## • Topics:

• No-slip Boundary condition, engineering software packages, viscosity and its significance, surface tension as a boundary condition, Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions, fundamental of flow visualizations, other kinematic descriptions, the Reynold’s transport theorem, conservation of mass- the continuity equation, the Bernoulli’s equation and its applications, Newton’s law and conservation of momentum, choosing a control volume for analysis, Laminar and Turbulent Flows, the entrance region, laminar flow in pipes, Laminar Boundary layer, laminar-turbulent transition, turbulent boundary layer, Analysis of turbulent boundary layer (laminar sub layer, buffer / transition layer, log-law / turbulent layer), minor losses, effect of pressure gradients on boundary layer, boundary layer separation, hydrodynamically fully developed flow and thermal boundary layer, the stream function, the Navier-Stokes equations, Differential Analysis of Fluid Flow Problems, Approximate solution of NS equations, Flow over bodies - drag & lift, compressible flow, turbomachinery

• ## • Objective

• This segment gives a special emphasis on the understanding of heat-transfer concepts. The individual has to familiarize with the physical meaning of heat transfer mechanism and equations.

• ## • Key Learning:

• The ‘energy equation’ and its application to the power generation / energy conversion machineries will be learnt. The student will understand CFD stands for ‘Computational Fluid Dynamics’ not for ‘Colourful Fluid Dynamics’

• ## • Application:

• The understanding of this will lead the individual to understand and apply the all fundamental laws to any system / problem.

• ## • Objective

• For students dealing with nozzles and jet propulsions, gas dynamics plays vital role in determining the operating conditions.

• ## • Key Learning:

• Application of gas-dynamics to physical systems for analysis will teach the importance of ‘successful application of theory subjects’

• ## • Topics:

• Relation between fluid dynamics – thermodynamics and applications of gas dynamics, fundamentals of flowing gas terms and its physical significance, definitions and basic relations in gas dynamics, the energy equation, the equation of state, isentropic flow with variable area, Mach number and variation in Mach Number, Classification of flow (incompressible, subsonic, transonic, sonic, supersonic, hypersonic) based on Mach Number, ), compressibility and Mach Number, mass flow rate in terms of pressure ratio, mass flow rate in terms of Mach number, Flow with normal Shock waves, Mach number variation in nozzle and diffuser, Flow with oblique shock waves, Stagnation and Critical States, Stagnation properties (stagnation pressure, stagnation enthalpy and stagnation temperature flow through convergent nozzle, flow through convergent-divergent nozzle, flow through diffusers, use of Gas Tables, Aircraft Propulsion and Rocket Propulsion

• ## • Objective

• For students from aeronautical engineering background, this will be a complete review session.

• ## • Key Learning:

• Application of Aerodynamic Principles to physical systems followed by self-designed systems

• ## • Topics:

• Introduction to various air-breathing / non air-breathing engines, velocity with specified extension and vorticity, vorticity distribution, lift drag and momentum coefficients, finite wings, Pressure coefficient, Compressibility correction for lift coefficient, Critical Mach number and critical pressure coefficients, Drag divergence Mach number, Wave drag at supersonic speeds, aerofoil fundamental classification and aerofoil drag, calculation of induced drag, change in lift slope, swept wings, Mechanisms for higher lift, Supercharging of aircraft IC engines

• ## • Objective

• In this segment one will practice to derive the mathematical equations out of physical phenomenon. This will led to concrete understanding of the physical phenomenon and its mathematical form.

• ## • Key Learning:

• No knowledge can be certain, if it is not based upon mathematics or upon some other knowledge which is itself based upon the mathematical sciences

• ## • Application:

• Same equation in different form contains the same meaning but one form may lead to convergence of the solution while the other leads to oscillation, divergence or even unstable and unrealistic solution. Students will learn when to use which form of equation and the factors and errors in the results

• ## • Topics:

• Mathematical modelling of engineering problems, accuracy precision and significant digits, problem solving techniques, Basics of Differential Equations with their physical significance, Taylor Series , Formation of Matrix for Differential Equations, LU decomposition, Gauss elimination, Jacobi’s method, Gauss-Seidel iteration, Convergence, Relaxation methods

• ## • Objective

• This section gives the complete introduction to CFD and various aspects of it. Guiding the individual to become independent in fluid-flow and heat-transfer analysis.

• ## • Key Learning:

• Student will understand the meaning of ‘learning just softwares is not CFD’. He/she will be able to draw conclusion out of results and its physical meaning

• ## • Application:

• All the functional areas of CFD. Mainly on aerodynamics of cars, air crafts, turbines etc. few example will be covered on wakes, turbulence, pressure drop, frictional losses, turbochargers etc.

• ## • Topics:

• Introduction and fundamentals, Conservation of mass; Conservation of linear momentum: Navier-Stokes equation; Conservation of Energy; General scalar transport equation, Forward difference, backward difference, Central difference; Polynomial Approximations; Finite-Differences on Non-Uniform Grids and Uniform Errors: 1-D; Von Neumann examples: 1st order linear convection/wave equation; Energy Method; FD schemes for 2D problems (Laplace, Poisson and Helmholtz eqns.); Implicit and Explicit Methods, Finite Difference Method, Finite Volume Method, Interpolations and differentiations such as Upwind interpolation (UDS), Linear Interpolation (CDS), Quadratic Upwind interpolation (QUICK), Higher order (interpolation) schemes, Time marching method and ODE, Runge-Kutta Methods, Application of finite volume methods to simple equations explanation of how a CFD software works, Different types of grids; Structured grid and Unstructured grid Generation, Solution of the Navier-Stokes Equations (Discretization of the convective and viscous terms, Discretization of the pressure term, Conservation principles, Pressure Correction Method, Stream function-Vorticity Methods, Crank Nicolson Method), laminar CFD calculations, Turbulent CFD Calculations, CFD with heat transfer, compressible flow CFD calculations, open-channel flow CFD calculations, impact of grid size on accuracy of results (Grid Independent Studies), Stability, convergence and consistency, CFL condition, Methods for Incompressible Flows (pressure Correction Method, SIMPLE Algorithm, other variants of simple algorithm such as SimpleC, SimpleR etc.), compressible and incompressible solvers, review of boundary conditions from Fluid dynamics and heat transfer from CFD point of view, significance of these boundary conditions on CFD analysis, mesh quality parameters and their impact on numerical solution, Introduction to Turbulence Modelling, General Properties of turbulent quantities, Reynolds average Navier stokes (RANS) equation, Necessity of turbulence modelling; Different types of turbulence model, Eddy viscosity models, Mixing length model, Turbulent kinetic energy and dissipation, The k-epsilon model, Spalart allmaras model, k-omega model and near wall flow modelling, wall functions, Reynolds stress model (RSM),Large eddy Simulation (LES),Direct numerical simulation (DNS)

• ## • Objective

• To make the students masters on world’s one of the leading meshing software, ICEMCFD.

• ## • Key Learning:

• Successful meshing is based on just three things: 1. Focus, 2. Practice with Patience, 3. Innovation

• ## • Topics and Examples:

• Graphic User Interface (GUI) in ICEMCFD, Geometry Cleanup, Blocking strategy and division of blocks, Hexa Mesh Generation, O grid and its significance, Tetra Mesh Generation, Mesh quality evaluation, mesh smoothening and mesh export options.

Tutorial Models for practice, Compressor Impeller, Radial Flow Pump Impeller, Aircraft Wing, Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger, Triangular Prism, Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve (GER Valve), Sphere, Cube in Hemisphere

• ## • Objective

• This section gives the complete introduction to CFD and various aspects of it. Guiding the individual to become independent in fluid-flow and heat-transfer analysis.

• ## • Key Learning:

• Colourful pictures doesn’t mean CFD analysis is successfully done.
You need to verify the results given by softwares.
Validation is the most important in CFD analysis

• ## • Application:

• All the functional areas of CFD. Mainly on aerodynamics of cars, air crafts, turbines etc. few example will be covered on wakes, turbulence, pressure drop, frictional losses, turbochargers etc.

• ## • Topics:

• End-to-end CFD analysis of Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve (EGR Valve) 420Cc Single Cylinder Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine, Afterburner subsystems, 2D Aerofoil, Thermal Sink and electronic component cooling systems, shell and tube heat exchangers, flow over smooth sphere, flow over rotating sphere, Nozzles,